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Subject: Re: Gardner & Eubanks, Catawba or Cherokee, in SC

Kathie - Forum Owner
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Date Posted: 09:17:22 08/21/07 Tue
Author Host/IP: 207-118-126-164.dyn.centurytel.net/
In reply to: Kim Carr 's message, "Gardner & Eubanks, Catawba or Cherokee, in SC" on 17:56:15 12/16/06 Sat

Ida Eubanks ancestry should be developed as far back as you can research it. The US Census will be a primary source for that.

As you go along in her heritage development, keep an eye on the Eastern Cherokee and Catawba Indian rolls to determine if any of the surnames in Ida's heritage occur in those rolls, including Eubanks. The Eastern Cherokee rolls are published in book form and also available on microfilm (see below). The Catawba have been enumerated in York and surrounding county censuses in SC for many years.

Ida may have remained in place in SC, but her siblings, cousins and kin might have moved out with or settled among Indians of the area (Cherokee, Creek, Catawba...). If you do find relatives in Indian Rolls, you will want to search out the enrollments and applications pertinent to the individual found to see if you can trace him or her back into Ida's lineage.

Check every US Census where Ida and family can be found and note the race designation of each. Black and mulatto can = Indian. It was better to be black, than Indian, since Indians, in most states, could not own property.

Researching Eastern Cherokee Records can be as simple as consulting any of several large indexes of the records created when the U.S. Court of Claims settle with the Cherokee Nation for the loss of Indian Lands in the East before the Trail of Tears. If exact family names are not found in the indexes, however, the search can become prolonged and complicated. If the pertinent family surnames are listed, a successful search may be conducted by following your family names back through the usual genealogical sources such as vital, land and census records; then, following the listed Indian family back to see if a common Indian ancestor can be located.

Sometimes your ancestor's name will be listed and the resulting application and deposition will provide a plethora of information including the names of earlier ancestors. Even so, the application may have been denied by the court. Still, the information is valuable.

If you hope to become an enrolled member of any tribe of Indian people, allow us to caution you on some matters about enrollment. Tribes are simply extended families of people sharing, usually, a common geographic area and organized for the purposes of protection and the survival of subsequent generations. In modern times, political issues have become very important as a reason for the organization of tribes. The Western Cherokee Nation will enroll all persons who can claim descent from an ancestor enrolled by the Dawes Commission in the early 1900's. The Eastern Band, however, has different, more stringent, requirements, as do other tribes. You will need to check with the tribes, individually, to find out about their enrollment rules. Think of your own extended family in approaching the idea of enrollment. Do you welcome all strangers who wish to share your room and board? You may be reticent to accept any and all....and so may be the tribes.

Eastern Cherokee Indexes

1. Vital Information from The Guion Miller Roll
(Eastern Cherokee Court of Claims)
Compact disk transcribed and edited by Billy Dubois Edgington and Carol Anne Buswell, MA

Available from: Heritage Books, Inc. 1999

Information given includes: Index name, Application number, sex, Surname or Married Name, Given Name, Maiden Name, Year of Birth, Place of Birth, 1906-1909 Residence,County and State, Soundex Code.

2. Guion Miller Roll "Plus"

Book by Bob Blankenship; published by Cherokee Roots Publications

Information given includes: Surname, Given name, Miller Number, Miller Application Number, Dawes Roll Number, Census Number, Relationship to head of household, Age in 1906, Degree of Indian Blood, and Address

3. Index to Eastern Cherokee Applications on Microfilm #378549; available for less than $4.00 at your local LDS Family History Center. This index will give you the microfilm on which you can read your ancestor's application for consideration in the settlement by the U.S. Court of Claims. To find the address of the Family History Center closest to you, go to <a rel=nofollow target=_blank href="http://www.familysearch.org">http://www.familysearch.org</a>

4. Other records of the Eastern Cherokee which can be obtained from the Family History Library in Salt
Lake City through your local Family History Center are as follows:

1835 Census of Cherokee East of the Mississippi #1666295 (item 8)
NC Cherokee who removed to the West *#1666295 (item 3)
NC Cherokee @ Tahlequah 1882-1883 #1666295 (item 5)

Mullay Roll 1848 #0847743 (item 2)
Siler Roll 1851
Chapman Roll 1852
Swetland Roll 1869
Hester Roll 1883

Baker Roll 1924 #0847744 &
Revised Rolls 1924-1970 #0847746-
Churchill Roll 1908 #0847749
Baker Roll 1924
Miller Roll 1909
Baker - Revised Roll 1967

Eastern Band of Cherokee in NC #0573868
1898-1899, 1904, 1906, 1909-1912,
1914 including non-recognized Indians
of 1904

Records of the Eastern Band of Cherokee 1915-1922 #0573869
ditto 1923-1929 #0573870
ditto 1930-1932 #0573871
ditto 1933-1939 #0573872

*Film numbers are for the collection at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, UT. You can order these microfilm for less than $7 each on temporary loan at your local LDS Family History Center in your community. Check the white pages for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.

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Subject Author Date
Re: Gardner & Eubanks, Catawba or Cherokee, in SCEd Hasty (first-hand sources)11:13:48 07/28/15 Tue

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