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Subject: Henry David Thoreau was born 200 years ago today


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Wrote "Walden"
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Date Posted: Wednesday, July 12, 12:38:23pm
In reply to: . 's message, "Nobel awarded chemist Elias J. Corey is 89, actor Gordon Pinsent is 87, film director Monte Hellman is 85, athlete Otis Davis is 85, Nobel awarded chemist Satoshi Ômura is 82, ex- US Rep. Mickey Edward is 80, ex- PM of France Lionel Jospin is 80, Presidential advisor Robert McFarlane is 80" on Wednesday, July 12, 12:13:14pm

Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, and historian. A leading transcendentalist, Thoreau is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and Yankee attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs.

He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau's philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr.[citation needed]

Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist. Though "Civil Disobedience" seems to call for improving rather than abolishing government—"I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government"[6]—the direction of this improvement points toward anarchism: "'That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_David_Thoreau

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"Little Ole Man"Bill CosbyWednesday, July 12, 04:26:24pm


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