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Subject: Film & TV composer Sid Kaplan was born 100 years ago today (died 1990)


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Was blacklisted in the '50's
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Date Posted: Friday, April 19, 02:34:47pm
In reply to: . 's message, "Painter Fernando Botero is 87, athlete Dickie Bird is 86, politician Philip Lavallin Wroughton is 86, Cardnal Justin Francis Rigali is 84, ex- Pres. of the Philippines Joseph Estrada is 82, writer Stanley Fish is 81" on Friday, April 19, 02:32:03pm

Sol Kaplan (April 19, 1919 November 14, 1990) was an American film and television music composer.

Life and career

Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Kaplan worked as a successful concert pianist, including performing at Carnegie Hall in 1941. That same year, Kaplan composed his first film score. He went on to write music for dozens of films including the 1953 films Titanic and Niagara. His film career was disrupted during the 1950s when he was blacklisted after being uncooperative in testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities. For Star Trek, Kaplan scored two episodes, "The Enemy Within" and "The Doomsday Machine". Jeff Bond notes, "Although he wrote only two scores for the series, New York composer Sol Kaplan's music was tracked frequently throughout the show's first two seasons."

Kaplan was married to the actress Frances Heflin (sister of actor Van Heflin). Their son is the film director Jonathan Kaplan; they also had two daughters, Nora Heflin and Mady Kaplan Ahern. Sol Kaplan died of lung cancer in 1990 at the age of 71.

Appearance before HUAC

Sol Kaplan had scored more than 30 Hollywood films between 1940 and 1953. He was subpoenaed by House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) after John Garfield mentioned during his testimony that Kaplan was a friend of his.

Kaplan had never been publicly identified as a Communist; Garfield denied being a Communist; yet Kaplan was fired from 20th Century Fox, where he had been under contract for a year. Kaplan protested that many top studio executives were friends of Garfield, including the man firing him, and he was reinstated on a week-to-week "probation" basis. His testimony took place on April 8, 1953. During it, he challenged the committee to produce his accusers, and invoked the Bill of Rights in refusing to cooperate. On Kaplan's return to work after his testimony, he was told he might be able to keep his job if he would appear privately before Congressman Clyde Doyle. Kaplan refused, and was fired the same day.

Selected filmography

The Tell-Tale Heart (1941)
Tales of Manhattan (1942)
Hollow Triumph (1948)
Port of New York (1949)
Trapped (1949)
The Secret of Convict Lake (1951)
I'd Climb the Highest Mountain (1951)
Diplomatic Courier (1952)
Kangaroo (1952)
Destination Gobi (1953)
Treasure of the Golden Condor (1953)
Niagara (1953)
Titanic (1953)
Salt of the Earth (1954)
The Burglar (1957)
Happy Anniversary (1959)
Girl of the Night (1960)
The Victors (1963)
The Young Lovers (1964)
The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965)
Judith (1966)
Living Free (1972)
Lies My Father Told Me (1975)
Over the Edge (1979)

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