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Subject: Archive: Walter Williams, Dec. 19, 1959


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Claimed to be the last Civil War veteran
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Date Posted: Thursday, December 19, 04:38:59pm

Walter Washington Williams (November 14, 1854 - December 19, 1959) was a forager for Hood's Brigade and thus presumed to be the last surviving veteran of the American Civil War.



Last surviving veteran claims

Born in Itawamba County, Mississippi, Williams claimed to have served under General John Bell Hood. He had been a foragemaster in Hood's Brigade and Quantrill's guerrillas.[3] Since John Salling and all the other "last claimants" were dead, Williams was celebrated as the "last Confederate veteran." When he died in 1959 in Houston, Texas, at the reported age of 117, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, chairman of the Civil War Centennial, said the death was an occasion for national mourning.

However, in September 1959, Scripps-Howard journalist Lowell K. Bridwell revealed that he could not find "one single scrap" of substantiating evidence to back up Williams's age or claims of military service, or anyone else's for that matter. Moreover, the 1860 census listed Williams as age 5 in June 1860, suggesting that he was born in November 1854.

When he died December 19, 1959, according to his New York Times obituary, "a newspaper story said a check had failed to find evidence to support the claim. Back in the times when Williams was born, there was very limited documentation to support birth dates, death dates, etc."

Based on Bridwell, he would have been eight years old at the time he said he had joined the Confederate Army, eleven months before the war ended in 1865.

It also was reported that the National Archives listed no Walter G. Williams as having served in the Confederate Army from either his home state of Mississippi or from Texas, where his family later settled. Archives at Jackson, Mississippi, however, were said to list a Walter Washington Williams as a private.[ Mr. Williams said that he had used several different middle initials.

Other officials contended that the Archives of the Federal Government are incomplete on the Confederacy and that ages in census records sometimes are inaccurate.

A 1991 article by William Marvel gave further details suggesting Williams was born between October 1854 and April 1855.

Irrespective of the controversy, his grave is marked at the Mount Pleasant Church Cemetery near New Baden, Robertson County, Texas. An interpretive sign was provided by the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission in 1963.

The "Soldiers and Sailors of the Confederacy" monument by Donald De Lue at the Gettysburg battlefield site bears an inscription about Williams on the reverse of the base. The inscription reads, "Walter Washington Williams -- who was recognized by the government of the United States as the last surviving Confederate veteran died 1959 at the age of 117 years."

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Replies:
Subject Author Date
July, 1959- Singer Johnny Horton sings "Johnny Reb" to a bedridden Walter Williams.Thursday, December 19, 04:40:51pm
The guy already looks dead in the photo (NT)Presumably taken near the endFriday, December 20, 02:23:12pm
Albert Henry Woolson (1850-1956) was the last known surviving member of the UNION Army who served in the American Civil War, and the last surviving Civil War veteran on either side whose status is UNdisputed.And the last surviving Union soldier to SEE combat was James Hard (1841–1953), dying at 112!!Saturday, December 21, 11:16:36pm


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