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Subject: Re: Colonel Ben Cleveland Statue


Author:
Grace S. Green (Smile)
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Date Posted: Thu, Dec 08 2011, 11:29:01

>I was trying to find out was Roundabout a plantation?
>How many slaves were on Roundabout. Ronda, NC was a
>small place and I have family born there during that
>time. Thanks
>
>>Honoring Cleveland’s Founding Heritage
>>
>>[Vikki’s Note: I received a request from the Colonel
>>Ben Cleveland Chapter of the SAR to share with you
>>details of their project to erect a statue of Col. Ben
>>in First Street Park in Cleveland, Tennessee. The
>>following information is from the brochure.]
>>
>>Our goal is to commission a sculpture for the new
>>First Street Park honoring Revolutionary War hero
>>Benjamin Cleveland.
>>
>>Cleveland, Tennessee, was established in 1837 as a
>>county seat for Bradley County, which had been created
>>the previous year. The town was named after Colonel
>>Benjamin Cleveland, a commander at the Battle of Kings
>>Mountain during the American Revolution.
>>
>>Benjamin Cleveland (1738-1806) was an American pioneer
>>and soldier. He is best remembered for his service as
>>a colonel in the North Carolina militia during the
>>Revolutionary War, and in particular for his role in
>>the American victory at the Battle of Kings Mountain
>>in 1780.
>>
>>Benjamin Cleveland was born on May 28, 1738, in Orange
>>County, Virginia. His parents were John and Elizabeth
>>Cleveland. He moved to what later became Wilkes
>>County, North Carolina, in 1769. He built his famous
>>estate, called “Roundabout,” near what is today Ronda,
>>North Carolina. At various times, he worked as a
>>hunter, trapper, farmer, carpenter, and surveyor. By
>>the time of the American Revolution in 1775, Cleveland
>>was probably the wealthiest and most prominent citizen
>>in Wilkes.
>>
>>At the beginning of the Revolutionary War, Cleveland
>>was appointed a colonel in the North Carolina militia.
>>He was elected to the North Carolina House of Commons
>>in 1778 and to the North Carolina Senate in 1779.
>>Until 1780, the fighting in North Carolina consisted
>>mostly of guerilla warfare patriots, or those
>>colonists who favored American independence from
>>Britain, and Tories, of those colonists who remained
>>loyal to the British crown. A fierce believer in the
>>patriot cause, Cleveland became known as the “Terror
>>of the Tories” for his treatment of pro-British
>>colonists.
>>
>>In 1780, British General Lord Cornwallis led an
>>invasion army into the Carolinas and won several
>>victories over the American forces. When Major Patrick
>>Ferguson, one of Cornwallis’s commanders, threatened
>>to lead an army of Tories into the North Carolina
>>mountains to crush patriot forces in the area, a group
>>of mountain men from western North Carolina (including
>>what is today Tennessee) decided to attack Ferguson’s
>>section of the British Army on the North
>>Carolina-South Carolina border.
>>
>>Cleveland played a key role in the Battle of Kings
>>Mountain. According to legend, Cleveland climbed atop
>>Rendezvous Mountain in Wilkes County and blew his
>>powder horn to summon over 200 Wilkes County
>>militiamen to fight the battle. Cleveland led his men
>>to the battlefield and was one of the primary American
>>commanders in the battle.
>>
>>In 1838 when the Tennessee State legislature
>>designated the Bradley County seat, they chose to
>>honor a man of valor and courage, Colonel Benjamin
>>Cleveland, but naming this fledgling community after
>>him. A Revolutionary War hero who fought with Colonel
>>John Sevier at the Battle of Kings Mountain in South
>>Carolina, Colonel Cleveland exemplifies the spirit of
>>our country’s patriots, past and present. Yet today
>>few men are aware of his significance to the naming of
>>Cleveland.
>>
>>A key part of the mission of the Sons of the American
>>Revolution (SAR) is to preserve our country’s
>>historical heritage. The Col. Benjamin Cleveland
>>Chapter of the SAR is seeking to fulfill this mission
>>while honoring the founding of Cleveland by finding
>>donors to fund a statue of Colonel Cleveland. This
>>statue will not only honor our city’s namesake, but
>>also represent the patriotic values for which he and
>>all American patriots stand. The statue will be
>>created by Joshua Coleman and will be donated to the
>>City of Cleveland for placement in the new First
>>Street Park near Five Points.
>>
>>We need your help to make this dream a reality. The
>>projected cost of this project is $75,000. Currently
>>we are in the early stages of our fund raising
>>efforts, and your tax deductible contribution would be
>>a tremendous boost to our efforts.
>>
>>Thank you and we hope we can count on your individual
>>or company support. For more information please
>>contact Brian Webb. Phone: 423-584-2681. Email:
>>bdwebb1@aol.com. You may make contributions at any
>>Bank of Cleveland branch. Just specify the Col.
>>Benjamin Cleveland Statue Fund on your check.
>>
>>About the Sculptor
>>
>>Joshua Coleman resides in his hometown of Cleveland,
>>Tennessee, with his wife Noelle, son Nehemiah, and
>>daughter Liliana. He received a Bachelor of Fine Arts
>>in sculpture from the Atlanta College of Art in 2001.
>>As an artist skilled in drawing, photography, and
>>painting, Joshua’s most passionate medium is that of
>>sculpture and design work.
>>
>>Joshua has completed large-scale sculptures both
>>nationally and internationally. These site-specific
>>sculptures have been commissioned for hospitals,
>>physician offices, businesses, schools, churches, and
>>non-profit organizations in order to increase business
>>and aesthetic appeal. Many of these sculptures involve
>>the community through collaborative design and
>>interactive castings.
>>
>>Joshua creates life-size pieces and busts from various
>>elements including bronze, iron, aluminum, wood,
>>stone, and found objects. Through commissioned
>>sculpture in the public realm, he strives to capture
>>the themes and emotions of others. It is his goal to
>>create interactive sculpture that everyone can enjoy.
>>
>>For more information or to view Joshua Coleman’s
>>current sculpture projects, please contact him at
>>imagerysculpture@gmail.com.


In 1774 Surry Co. NC. The Wilkes Genealogical Society quarterly published Benjamin Cleveland's Tax list in their Spring 1988 issue. The article states "Benjamin Cleveland was a tax lister in Surry Co. in 1774. This was in the part of Surry that became Wilkes in 1778.

In the 1790 SC census Col Ben Cleveland was listed with
2 Males, 2 Females, 17 Slaves.

In 1800 census of Pendleton Co. SC Col Ben Cleveland is list with 1 male under 10; (George A. C. Cleveland, son of Neal dec'd,& Jane Cornell Cleveland) 0 males 10 & under 16; 4 males 16 & under 26;( James R.Wyley, son of Jemina Cleveland), 0 males 26 & under 45; 1 male 45 & over (Benjamin)

0 females under 10; 1 female 10 & under 16; (Amelia Edwards, daughter of Jemina Cleveland) 1 female 16 & under 26; 0 females 26 & under 45; 0 females 45 & over.

5 other free persons except Indians.

22 Slaves

The Will of Col Ben Cleveland, proved 18 October 1806, Oconee Co. SC., states; I give to my son Ablasom Cleveland the tract of land whereon I now live (except a part lying below a branch which runs into the river below Chauga) with all the land on either side of Tugalo River adj. each other. With negroes Jim, Lucy, Venus, Bess, Tom with half of all my live stock & half of my ready cash, after my debts are paid.

I is found in some records that, Old Roundabout was a nick name for Ben, since he was a very large and heavy man almost 500 lbs when he died.

Hope this helps.

Grace S. Green

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