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Subject: Re: Colonel Ben Cleveland Statue


Author:
Grace S. Green (Smile)
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Date Posted: Sun, Dec 18 2011, 12:33:07

>>I was trying to find out was Roundabout a plantation?
>>How many slaves were on Roundabout. Ronda, NC was a
>>small place and I have family born there during that
>>time. Thanks
>>
>>>Honoring Cleveland’s Founding Heritage
>>>
>>>[Vikki’s Note: I received a request from the Colonel
>>>Ben Cleveland Chapter of the SAR to share with you
>>>details of their project to erect a statue of Col.
>Ben
>>>in First Street Park in Cleveland, Tennessee. The
>>>following information is from the brochure.]
>>>
>>>Our goal is to commission a sculpture for the new
>>>First Street Park honoring Revolutionary War hero
>>>Benjamin Cleveland.
>>>
>>>Cleveland, Tennessee, was established in 1837 as a
>>>county seat for Bradley County, which had been
>created
>>>the previous year. The town was named after Colonel
>>>Benjamin Cleveland, a commander at the Battle of
>Kings
>>>Mountain during the American Revolution.
>>>
>>>Benjamin Cleveland (1738-1806) was an American
>pioneer
>>>and soldier. He is best remembered for his service as
>>>a colonel in the North Carolina militia during the
>>>Revolutionary War, and in particular for his role in
>>>the American victory at the Battle of Kings Mountain
>>>in 1780.
>>>
>>>Benjamin Cleveland was born on May 28, 1738, in
>Orange
>>>County, Virginia. His parents were John and Elizabeth
>>>Cleveland. He moved to what later became Wilkes
>>>County, North Carolina, in 1769. He built his famous
>>>estate, called “Roundabout,” near what is today
>Ronda,
>>>North Carolina. At various times, he worked as a
>>>hunter, trapper, farmer, carpenter, and surveyor. By
>>>the time of the American Revolution in 1775,
>Cleveland
>>>was probably the wealthiest and most prominent
>citizen
>>>in Wilkes.
>>>
>>>At the beginning of the Revolutionary War, Cleveland
>>>was appointed a colonel in the North Carolina
>militia.
>>>He was elected to the North Carolina House of Commons
>>>in 1778 and to the North Carolina Senate in 1779.
>>>Until 1780, the fighting in North Carolina consisted
>>>mostly of guerilla warfare patriots, or those
>>>colonists who favored American independence from
>>>Britain, and Tories, of those colonists who remained
>>>loyal to the British crown. A fierce believer in the
>>>patriot cause, Cleveland became known as the “Terror
>>>of the Tories” for his treatment of pro-British
>>>colonists.
>>>
>>>In 1780, British General Lord Cornwallis led an
>>>invasion army into the Carolinas and won several
>>>victories over the American forces. When Major
>Patrick
>>>Ferguson, one of Cornwallis’s commanders, threatened
>>>to lead an army of Tories into the North Carolina
>>>mountains to crush patriot forces in the area, a
>group
>>>of mountain men from western North Carolina
>(including
>>>what is today Tennessee) decided to attack Ferguson’s
>>>section of the British Army on the North
>>>Carolina-South Carolina border.
>>>
>>>Cleveland played a key role in the Battle of Kings
>>>Mountain. According to legend, Cleveland climbed atop
>>>Rendezvous Mountain in Wilkes County and blew his
>>>powder horn to summon over 200 Wilkes County
>>>militiamen to fight the battle. Cleveland led his men
>>>to the battlefield and was one of the primary
>American
>>>commanders in the battle.
>>>
>>>In 1838 when the Tennessee State legislature
>>>designated the Bradley County seat, they chose to
>>>honor a man of valor and courage, Colonel Benjamin
>>>Cleveland, but naming this fledgling community after
>>>him. A Revolutionary War hero who fought with Colonel
>>>John Sevier at the Battle of Kings Mountain in South
>>>Carolina, Colonel Cleveland exemplifies the spirit of
>>>our country’s patriots, past and present. Yet today
>>>few men are aware of his significance to the naming
>of
>>>Cleveland.
>>>
>>>A key part of the mission of the Sons of the American
>>>Revolution (SAR) is to preserve our country’s
>>>historical heritage. The Col. Benjamin Cleveland
>>>Chapter of the SAR is seeking to fulfill this mission
>>>while honoring the founding of Cleveland by finding
>>>donors to fund a statue of Colonel Cleveland. This
>>>statue will not only honor our city’s namesake, but
>>>also represent the patriotic values for which he and
>>>all American patriots stand. The statue will be
>>>created by Joshua Coleman and will be donated to the
>>>City of Cleveland for placement in the new First
>>>Street Park near Five Points.
>>>
>>>We need your help to make this dream a reality. The
>>>projected cost of this project is $75,000. Currently
>>>we are in the early stages of our fund raising
>>>efforts, and your tax deductible contribution would
>be
>>>a tremendous boost to our efforts.
>>>
>>>Thank you and we hope we can count on your individual
>>>or company support. For more information please
>>>contact Brian Webb. Phone: 423-584-2681. Email:
>>>bdwebb1@aol.com. You may make contributions at any
>>>Bank of Cleveland branch. Just specify the Col.
>>>Benjamin Cleveland Statue Fund on your check.
>>>
>>>About the Sculptor
>>>
>>>Joshua Coleman resides in his hometown of Cleveland,
>>>Tennessee, with his wife Noelle, son Nehemiah, and
>>>daughter Liliana. He received a Bachelor of Fine Arts
>>>in sculpture from the Atlanta College of Art in 2001.
>>>As an artist skilled in drawing, photography, and
>>>painting, Joshua’s most passionate medium is that of
>>>sculpture and design work.
>>>
>>>Joshua has completed large-scale sculptures both
>>>nationally and internationally. These site-specific
>>>sculptures have been commissioned for hospitals,
>>>physician offices, businesses, schools, churches, and
>>>non-profit organizations in order to increase
>business
>>>and aesthetic appeal. Many of these sculptures
>involve
>>>the community through collaborative design and
>>>interactive castings.
>>>
>>>Joshua creates life-size pieces and busts from
>various
>>>elements including bronze, iron, aluminum, wood,
>>>stone, and found objects. Through commissioned
>>>sculpture in the public realm, he strives to capture
>>>the themes and emotions of others. It is his goal to
>>>create interactive sculpture that everyone can enjoy.
>>>
>>>For more information or to view Joshua Coleman’s
>>>current sculpture projects, please contact him at
>>>imagerysculpture@gmail.com.
>
>
>In 1774 Surry Co. NC. The Wilkes Genealogical Society
>quarterly published Benjamin Cleveland's Tax list in
>their Spring 1988 issue. The article states "Benjamin
>Cleveland was a tax lister in Surry Co. in 1774. This
>was in the part of Surry that became Wilkes in 1778.
>
>In the 1790 SC census Col Ben Cleveland was listed with
>2 Males, 2 Females, 17 Slaves.
>
>In 1800 census of Pendleton Co. SC Col Ben Cleveland
>is list with 1 male under 10; (George A. C. Cleveland,
>son of Neal dec'd,& Jane Cornell Cleveland) 0 males 10
>& under 16; 4 males 16 & under 26;( James R.Wyley, son
>of Jemina Cleveland), 0 males 26 & under 45; 1 male
>45 & over (Benjamin)
>
>0 females under 10; 1 female 10 & under 16; (Amelia
>Edwards, daughter of Jemina Cleveland) 1 female 16 &
>under 26; 0 females 26 & under 45; 0 females 45 & over.
>
>5 other free persons except Indians.
>
>22 Slaves
>
>The Will of Col Ben Cleveland, proved 18 October 1806,
>Oconee Co. SC., states; I give to my son Ablasom
>Cleveland the tract of land whereon I now live (except
>a part lying below a branch which runs into the river
>below Chauga) with all the land on either side of
>Tugalo River adj. each other. With negroes Jim, Lucy,
>Venus, Bess, Tom with half of all my live stock & half
>of my ready cash, after my debts are paid.
>
>I is found in some records that, Old Roundabout was a
>nick name for Ben, since he was a very large and heavy
>man almost 500 lbs when he died.
>
>Hope this helps.
>
>Grace S. Green


Also Lisa,

It sounds as though you are researching the Cleveland Slaves. Here is some additional info from my records;
Benjamin Cleveland had an illegitimate daughter, Jemima, whose common-law-husband was killed by Indians. In 1794 he had her moved from TN to Oconee Co., SC and gave her a plantation, livestock & two slaves, A woman named Fran age about 40 and her daughter, Sira, age about 10 or 11.
Jemima Cleveland Edwards in 1798 married her 3rd cousin Daniel Cleveland. Before he & Jemima moved to LA in 1811, he sold these two slaves. He took with him "nine negroes". In the 1840 LA census Daniel is listed as owening 21 slaves, sorry I don't have any names for these. Hope this helps.
Grace S. Green

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