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Date Posted: 12:29:33 04/21/15 Tue
Author: Albert Parker (some info)
Subject: Re: Shipbuilding in Guayaquil
In reply to: Albert Parker 's message, "Re: Shipbuilding in Guayaquil" on 19:55:05 04/18/15 Sat

nder “Construction of Ships for ‘Armada del Mar del Sur’ at Guayaquil” I have references to Maria Luisa LAVIANA CUETOS, Guayaquil en el siglo XVIII (Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos de Sevilla, 1987) and to Pilar PONCE LEIVA, ed., Relaciónes historico-geograficas de la Audiencia de Quito, siglos XVI–XIX, vol. 2, s. XVII–XIX (Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Centro de Estudios Historicos, Departamento de Historia de America, 1992).

For my purposes, I marked a paragraph on pp. 280–281 of LAVIANA CUETOS:

“En toda la [XVIII] centuria, solo hay constancia de la fabricación en Guayaquil de cuatro embarcaciones para la Real armada del Mar del Sur, y todas ellas construidas antes de 1756: la fragata San Fermín, de 30 cañones, fabricada con las maderas del navío El Brillante y terminda en 1730; el navío de guerra La Limeña, de 50 cañones, terminada en 1740; la fragata La Liebre, salida del astillero en 1750, y el navío San José el Peruano, de 60 cañones, construido entre 1751 y 1756 utilizando las maderas del navío Viejo San José o La Esperanza, de ahí que en ocasiones se dé también este nombre al Peruano.

The next paragraph is about the construction of El Peruano and the discussion continues beyond that.

I also marked the following paragraph on p. 483 of PONCE LEIVA:

“Aunque no hay establecido astillero, gradas ni diques, con todo es este río el único paraje en estas mares, a excepción de algunos pequeños barcos que se han fabricado en el Realejo en Costa Rica y Concepción en chile, donde se ponen quillas y se botan al agua todos los mercantes del tráfico del sur. Contínuamente se están trabajando de diferentes tamaños; actualmetne lo están en uno de 876 toneladas; el año de 1699 salieron de este río 3 navíos de guerra; en 1730 la fragata San Fermín; el de 1740 el navío de guerra La Limeña, de 50 cañones; y el de 1756 La Esperanza, de 64. Además, de la primera construcción, se recorren también los más de ellos por la facilidad de poderlo ejecutar con los muchos calafates y carpinteros de rivera que hay en esta ciudad y la calidad y copia de maderas que en ella se encuentran, no contribuyendo poco el que vegan a hacerlo aquí la seguridad de hallar carga y recompensar con las ganancias el gasto de la carena. Esta atrae a la ciudad crecidas cantidades de dinero cuyo computo un año con otro suele ser de 100.000 pesos. Regularmente no llega embarcación a este puerto que no haga su recorrida y se componga. El año próximo pasado por las noticias que me ha suministrado Don Maracos de Lamar, tesorero de estas Cajas, entraron 51 embarcaciones que fueron: 11 fragatas de 500 a 800 toneladas, 14 barcos del porte unos de 70 a 90 y algunos a algo más y 26 barquitos menores; y salieron en el propio año 47 velas de las mismas clases.”

It appears that this information was from a document, “Descripcion de la ciudad de Guayaquil, su importancia para el estado y necesidad de fortificaria,” dated at Guayquil in 1771 but apparently written in 1770. There is a footnote to the headnote that says of this document, “El texto corresponde a los folios 2646 del espediente iniciado en 1770 y titulado: Relación de las operaciones ejecutadas para la formación de los planos de la ciudad y rio de Guayquil y demostración de los projectos hechos por el Ingeniero D. Francisco de Requena para su defensa.

When I was researching the Spanish response to the Anson expedition into the Pacific in 1741–43, I did not encounter any mention of La Limeña, and I don’t know what happened to her.

In the first half of 1741, the Armada del Mar del Sur consisted of the following vessels that might have encountered Anson’s squadron after he got around Cape Horn (he took so long that they gave up the search, and he was able to reach Juan Fernández and recuperate his crews there unmolested). The information below is what I considered most relevant and comparable to what I have compiled for other squadrons during the wars of 1739–48; I probably have some dimensions buried deeper in my files.
SANTISIMO SACRAMENTO, built Guayquil 1693, ~850? tons displacement, 30 guns (12’s and 6’s, distribution not known), ~250? crew, Captain Juan Bautista Zamorategui
NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CONCEPCIÓN, built Guayaquil 1692, ~850? tons displacement, 30 guns (12’s and 6’s, distribution not known), !~250? crew, Jacinto Segurola, squadron commodore
SAN FERMÍN, built Guayaquil 1730, ~700? tons displacement, 30 × 6, ~200? crew, commanding officer unknown
SOCORRO, unknown place and date of construction, 24 guns (probably max 6-pounders but calibers and mixture not known), ~100? crew, Captain Francisco de Torretagle

Although “built” in 1692–93, Sacrameno and had been badly built with little freeboard and had been extensively modified recently, including removal of a deck, under the direction of, IIRC, Blas de Lezo. My guess about their displacement takes the recent rebuilding into account. They were not in good condition for the 1741 campaign. With the other two smaller ships, they were at La Concepción, Chile, in January 1741. When Segurola left La Concepción on May 4/15, he encountered storms and immediately took refuge on the coast. The two larger ships were by then leaking badly. Concepción and San Firmín were able to put to sea again on May 27/June 7 but Sacramento could not sail until June 18/29.

Socorro was by most accounts a converted merchantman, paid for by merchants in Lima. She does not appear to be La Limeña, who just isn’t mentioned in accounts of Spanish naval activities in the southeastern Pacific in 1741–42.

After Anson’s attack on and sacking of the port of Paita (now in the nation of Peru), the Viceroy of Peru got the mechants of Lima to finance the arming of three merchantmen, Las Caldas, Santa Ana, and Aurora (no other information available), to accompany San Fermín and Concepción to Panama (Sacramento was unserviceable). This squadron sailed from Callao on January 23/February 3, 1742, and arrived at Panama City on March 11/22. Anson had been at the island of Quibo or Coiba, on the western side of the Azuero Peninsula from the Gulf of Panama, but the Spanish were behind them and did not know of their stop there for wood and water. The 1742 squadron must have returned to Callao, but I don’t know when.

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