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Date Posted: 18:06:29 09/16/03 Tue
Subject: Hawaiian Kingdom
Some quotes to remember about Liliu’okalani
“I Knew Queen Liliuokalani”
Author: Bernice Piilani Irwin
“ Lili(lydia) Kamehameha Kaalanialii Newewelii, born on Sept. 2, 1838.
Religious war in the pacific Islands
• The Hawaiian Kingdom was threatened by outside forces. First of all by the French army, brought to the islands by the Catholic church.
“...she was aware of the continued indirect threat to the independence of her beloved country, from the representatives of all three of the great nations—England, France and United States of America...”
• “Captain Laplace, commanding the French Frigate, Artemise, arrived in Honolulu, and, with guns trained on the town, demanded redress for the treatment the French Catholic priests had received. He threatened to bombard the town if this demands were not met. He gained his demands and sailed away with twenty thousand dollars as a guarantee that the treaty would be kept. But this was not the last of the difficulties with the France, which was to make further demands during the reign of Kamehameha III.”
• “The trouble with France arose from the fact that queen Regent Kaahumanu, urged by the Reverend Hiram Bingham, an American missionary, had banished all Catholic priests from the islands.”
• “Rev. Hiram Bingham had arrived in Hawaii with the first company of American missionaries in 1820.” (1)
• Missionaries were not given permit as citizens because King Kamehameha’s friend an English man “...the English Navigator, Captain George Vancouver, to seek foreign teachers from England.”
• Because the King believed that freedom of religion and more space for religion, “the king allowed the American missionaries to land.”
• King Kamehameha II and his consort Queen Kamamalu, died in London of the measles.
• In all, 184 American Missionaries eventually arrived in the islands, most of them resided as “permanent residents of the Kingdom.” A few foreigners had resided in the Hawaii during the reign of Kamehameha the Great –two britishers, john young and isaac Davis, were prominent among these.” They became advisors and close friends of the great King.”
• Fear of being over ride by foreigners, as missionaries and whalers flocked in, King Kamehameha III “introduced foreigners into his counsels so as to pit foreign wile against foreign wile, since many scoundrelly tricks had been put over by foreign traders in their dealings with the trusting Hawaiians.”
• Queen Lydia attended an American Missionary school where there other Hawaiian Monarchs attended operated by Mr. Mrs. Amos Starr Cooke, who got to Hawaii in 1837. (2)
• “In 1843, The Lord George Paulet of the British navy seized the islands and held them for five months. This seizer was authorized by England.”
• “...Rear Admiral Thomas of the British Pacific Fleet restored the islands to their rightful owners in a military ceremony.”
• The British flag was lowered and a Hawaiian flag was raised and saluted. “That afternoon a thanksgiving service was held at Kawaiaho church. It was on this occasion that our national motto was spontaneously uttered by Kamehameha III, “UA MAU KE EA O KA ‘AINA IKA PONO” (THE LIFE OF THE LAND IS PERPETUATED BY RIGHTEOUSNESS).
• Admiral Thomas stated, “Her Majesty Queen Victoria of England sincerely desires his Majesty King Kamehameha III to be treated as an independent sovereign., leaving the administration of justice in his hands.”
• King Kamehameha III sent Timothy Haalilio and the Rev. William Richards to these three powers and asked for the protection and recognition of his Kingdom. “They obtained from them a treaty which assured that the independence of Hawaii would be respected, although the United Sates refused to join the other nations in the desired tri-party protectorate.” It took them three years to complete the mission.
• The delay came because of what is now known as the “Belgian Contracted” “a scheme to populate the islands with many thousands of Europeans.” Under that contract, “Large tracts of lands were to be leased at low rentals, and each settler was to receive fifty acres in fee simple.” (3).
• “The Hawaiian, never having owned fee simple land, did not understand the value of land ownership. Some in the oulying districts never ever hear of the new law, therefore made no attempt to claim a share. Others had not the money necessary to pay for the surveying of their land, and still otehrs, not realizing the value of this land ownership, sold their lands to foreigners for pittance.”
• “Had the government only followed the advise of the British Consul, William Miller, and the French Catholic Bishop, Louis Desire Maigret, who suggested that the land be given to the Hawaiians and made inalienable so that it could never be taken away.”
• But the foreign advisors of the King assured him that if he did not give his people fee simple land, he “would deprive them of their rights and continue them in a state of slavery” and so he did as they urged and divided the land.
• “In 1849 aggressive activities of the French and the threat of Annexation to the United States of America again threw Hawaii into a state of turmoil. Annexation had been suggested by the local Americans as a solution of the difficulties with the French. At this time the French, not content with demands and threats, landed troops, demolished the fort and sailed away with the King’s private yacht.(4)
• “Some had openly argued that annexation to America was the only solution to the French difficulties. Leaders in this movement put pressure on the King to cede his sovereignty to the United States.”
• “The King and his noble first consulted the British consul, asking him to raise the British flag, be he replied that he had no authority to do this.” They requested in a hope that British would return their lands.
• “He reluctantly consented to a secret treaty to be used only in a final extremity, and only if all of the several alternatives outlined treaties outline failed.” The whole idea was to forge this treaty and stall the issue until the French issue with Hawaiian Kingdom was adjusted.
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